2016考研英语,CATTI三级笔译备考日记

来源:http://www.searchserendipity.com 作者:考试平台 人气:181 发布时间:2019-10-29
摘要:例句: Only by diligence and honesty can one succeed in life. 唯有不辞劳碌、正直,一位在生活中能力打响。  (4)从句和主句中谓语动词的时态 【比较】 扫码关注考研圈微信 ② 并列排在一条线句

  例句: Only by diligence and honesty can one succeed in life.  唯有不辞劳碌、正直,一位在生活中能力打响。 

(4)从句和主句中谓语动词的时态

【比较】

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扫码关注考研圈微信

② 并列排在一条线句的归类

With结构组成艺术如下

  注意:若wish 后的宾语从句中用 would,能够表示央浼,平日意味着说话人的痛苦或不满。

(6)状语从句被用来重申组织中

The window needs (requires, wants) cleaning (to be cleaned).

  1. 宾语从句:经常难题句做宾语,引入if或whether

当从句的主语与主句的主语肖似一时间,被动结构的状语从句,可总结与主句近似的主语和助动词,保留连词+过去分词;主动组织的状语从句,可归纳与主句相似的主语和助动词,保留连词+未来分词。譬如:We all know that, if not carefully dealt with, the situation will get worse。

自家试着又干了一次。

  6.状语从句简单(分词作者状语):从句的主语和状语从句的主语生机勃勃致,状从简单选取分词作者状语。例句:

Strange though it may seem, I like housework。

When drinking to someone’s health, you raise your glasses, but the glasses should not be touched. While visiting the city, they received a warm welcome.

  例句: Scarcely had he arrived at home when it began to rain。

1.大致句、并列句和复合句

不定式作定语: 用不定式作定语,其经常所修饰的名词、代词有: meeting, reason, time, way, need, right, chance, decision, wish, promise, ability, anxiety, something, anything, nothing, anybody, somebody, thing...

  例句:Now that we have all the materials ready, we should begin the new task at once。既然大家把全数资料都希图好了,大家应该立刻伊始那项新的干活。

②在insist(持始终如一), urge (督促), order(命令), command(命令), suggest(建议),advise(提出),recommend(提议,推荐), request(央浼,须求), demand(供给),require(须要,须要)等动词后的宾语从句中,谓语动词用“should+动词原形”, should可回顾。

The man standing by the window is our teacher. Many frightened people rushed out of the burning building.  

  ⑶表示对未来的无理意愿:谓语动词格局为“would/ should/ could/ might +动词原形”。在此种状态下,主句的主语与从句的主语不能够平等,因为主句的主语所愿意的从句动作能无法贯彻,决定于从句主语的神态或希望(非动作名词除却) 。 

(2) 名词性从句的连接词

例如:

  1.as...as.。。指点的可比级:(1)“as +形容词或副词原级+ as+被相比对象”结构。例句: He studies as hard as you. 他像您雷同学习努力。

①约束性定语从句:从句与主句关系紧凑,去掉从句,主句意义不完全,以致不合逻辑。举个例子:I was the only person in our office who was invited。(去掉定语从句,句意就缺损)

自身筹划明天来早些。

  7. 原因状从:for的用法。由because 带领的从句假设身处句末,且前边有逗号,则足以用并列连词 for 来代替。但倘使不是验证直接原因,而是各种状态再说揣摸,就不能不用 for 。例句:He is absent today, because/for he is ill. 他后天没来,因为他生病了。

根据句子的构造可分:轻巧句并列句和复合句二种。

譬喻: There is no stopping of him. 不大概阻拦他。

  2. 缘故状语从句:since指点的

He made a long speech, which was unexpected。

since平时用在封面语中,表示多为对方已知的、或稍加深入分析便可获悉的案由,有的时候可译作"既然"。

365bet在线官网官方入口,  9. 同位语从句:I want to know the answer to this question who will be our next president。

二。命题导向

(2) Strange as it may seem, nobody was injured in the accident.

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I want to buy the same shirt as yours。

as, though表示“虽然……但是”,“纵使……”之意。

  2.省略句 /倒装:so/系动词/助动词/情态动词 +sb 表示“前者情状适用于子子孙孙”。例句:

高等学园统一招考对简易句、并列句和复合句的考查首要饱含:句子的结构、连词的精选、从句与主句的谓语动词的时态、主语和从句的语序、一些习贯用语和奇特的句式应用。

(with+名词+今后分词 ,作陪伴状语)

  语法知识点2

(3)从句中的语序

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  5.倒装:否定词seldom前移,句子倒装。例句:Seldom did he speak。

根据在句中的作用,名词性从句分为:主语从句、宾语从句、表语从句和同位语从句多样。

例如:

  4.宾语从句:whether的用法。例句:I wonder if/whether it is going to rain tomorrow。

在复合句中,主句和从句的谓语动词时态平日遵循以下的原理:

它是由介词with或without+复合结构重新组合,复合结构作介词with或without的复合宾语,复合宾语中率先局部宾语由名词或代词当做,第二片段补足语由形容词、副词、介词短语、动词不定式或分词当作,分词可以是几天前分词,也能够是过去分词。

  5. 宾语从句:放在介词前边,作介词的宾语。

定语从句分为约束性定语从句非节制性定语从句三种。约束性定语从句对先行词起修饰和范围作用,而非约束性定语从句对先行词起补充和释疑表明效果与利益。平时限定性定语从句与先行词之间一向不逗号,而非节制性定语从句与先行词之间有逗号隔开分离。

单个的动词-ing格局作定语时,常置于所修饰的名词前边;动词-ing短语作定语时则常置于被修饰的词前面。

  4.it格局宾语:和it 作情势主语相同,  大家常用it 来作方式宾语, 把真正的宾语从句放在句末, 这种气象更为出今后带复合宾语的语句中。

③ 在含蓄advice, order, demand, proposal(建议), requirement, suggestion等名词的表语从句、同位语从句中,谓语动词用“should+动词原形”,should可归纳。

但在It is no use / good, not any use / good, useless 等后必需用Ving情势。

  ⑵表示对过去状态的杜撰:从句动词用had +过去分词。 

(3) 名词性从句中的特殊时态

她阿娘做饭时他在看电视机。

  例句:The more scared we are, the stronger the difficulty will become。大家越焦灼坚苦,困难就能够变得越强盛。

(5)状语从句的简约

Ving作定语首要代表动作和用途。

  例句:I wish you would be quiet.  笔者希望您安然一些。 

④ however与形容词、副词一齐带领妥洽状语从句,句子采取汇报语序。举例:

I remember doing the exercise.

  2.only教导的倒装句型:only +状语 (或状语从句)位于句首时,句子部分倒装。 

目标状语从句:in order that (为了),so that (以便)。

(五)Ving情势作宾语 Ving格局具备动词和名词的性能,在句中起名词成效,可作宾语。

  3. 否定词前置倒装:scarcely...when。.

⑥在”介词+关系代词”结构中,关系代词只可以用which和whom,且无法轻便;假如介词在句末,关系代词可用which, that, whom, 口语中也可用who,且可粗略。比方:

例如:

  语法知识点1

③ since辅导的日子状语从句多用通常过去时,而包蕴since从句的主句经常用现在做到时。比方:I haven’t met her since I left university。

⑤在短语devote to, look forward to, stick to, be used to, object to, thank you for, excuse me for, be (kept) busy, be worth, have difficulty / trouble / problem(in), have a good / wonderful / hard time(in), feel  like, get down to等后的动词也亟须用Ving方式。

  6.原因状从:now that的用法。now that 代表 “既然”。与 since 的分裂之处在于,now that 引出的总得是多个新现身的事实或意况,借使照旧照旧,和千古相比较并从未成形,则不用 now that 指引。

表示转会关系常用的连词有:but, still, however, yet, while, when等。

③用于"so +adj. + a/an + n. (单数) + as "结构中

  3.wish指导的虚构语气:wish 后面包车型客车从句,现代表与事实相反的气象,或表示未来不太大概完结的意思时,其宾语从句的动词方式为: 

Try as she might, Carol couldn't get the door open。

as经常位于句首,语气较弱,较口语化;

365bet官网官方网站,  I wish it would stop raining.  但愿雨能截止。 

(5)使用定语从句时需注意的几个难题

②forget, go on, like, mean, regret, remember, stop, try等动词可带Ving情势或不定式作宾语,但意义上有差距。

  I wish I knew the answer to the question.    小编期待知晓那个主题材料的答案。(可惜不知情。) 

状语从句作为被重申某些用于重申协会时,风流倜傥律用It is/was …that…,不可能用when替代that。句子用汇报语序。注意:当强调Not until +时间/时间状语时,主句的谓语动词不再选择倒装语序。举例:It was not until the war was over that the soldier was able to return home。

The book is worth reading.

  Do you remember the girl who taught us English ?你还记得教我们土耳其共和国(The Republic of Turkey)语的十三分女孩吧?

状语从句普通修饰主句的动词或任何句子,由从属连词辅导,附属连词在从句中不担负句子成分。依照状语从句所抒发的例外含义和功效,可分为时间、地点、原因、条件、指标、结果、妥胁、比较、形式等状语从句。

(=Though/Although you may object, I’ll go.)

  You are a student, so am I。

名词性从句的连接词可分为三类:that无词义,在从句中不辜负勒令分,临时可被回顾;表示“是或不是”用whether,唯有在宾语从句中,whether可被人if替代。Whether和if在从句中不担任成分。假设从句缺乏主语、表语、宾语、或定语等语句成分,用一而再代词what, whatever, who, whoever, whom, whose, which;假若从句贫乏状语,用三番五次副词when, where, how, why。

例如: We have no time to lose.

  注意:但 only修饰主语时,不倒装。例句: Only that girl knew how to work out the problem.  唯有那位女孩子知道怎样解那道题。

(3)关系代词和涉及副词的用法:

例如:

  Privatization is thought to be beneficial in that it promotes competition. 独资化的优点在于能推动互相竞争。

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一、as的用法

  例句: I want to know if he will join us in the discussion?

①当先行词为人时用who 作主语,whom作宾语;②超越行词为物或任何木正时用which,可作主语或宾语;③优先词为人、物时用that ,可作主语或宾语;④ whose用作定语,可指人或物;⑤ 关系副词when指时间,在定语从句中作时间状语;⑥where(指地方,在定语从句中作地方状语);why指原因,在定语从句中作原因状语。

三、with的用法

  I wish (that) I hadn’t wasted so much time.  笔者后悔不应当浪费这么多时光。( 实际春日经浪费掉了。) 

规格状语从句: if, unless, as/so long as(假设;只要),in case (万意气风发); on condition that(假设), suppose, supposing, providing, provide。

三、 动词-ing格局作表语(常指主语的剧情、状态或性质等)。

  文章来源:跨考教育[微博]

考纲必要考生能精确推断句子的种类、解析句子结构、结合语境和句意选取稳妥的接连词语、判别主语和从句的不错语序、伏贴选用主句和从句谓语动词的时态。

② Ving情势作主语,谓语动词用单数。

  例句:I know nothing about him except that he used to work in Shanghai。

This is the best coffee maker that I have ever been made。

五、 动词-ing形式作状语

  语法知识点3

缘由状语从句:because, since, as, now that。

例如:

  5.The+比较级,the+比较级  表示“越....。。越....。。”。

当主句和从句语义生龙活虎致时,用as辅导;反之,用which来指导非限定性定语从句;当非约束订语从句为否定意义时,常用which带领。比如:

(with+名词+介词短语,作陪伴状语。)

  10. 不定式:不定式做目标状语。例句:We get up very early to catch the first bus。

(2) It is +名词+that…句型。常见的名词有pity, shame, advice, suggestion, proposal(建议,提议), requirement, request, desire, order等。

作状语时,它能表示动作的章程、原因,但无法表示时间、伴随和准星。在平时的with短语中,with前边所跟的不是复合结构,也根本没有逻辑上的主谓关系。

  (2)在否定句或难点句中可用 not so…as…. 例句:He can not run so/as fast as you. 他没你跑得快。

(2)定语从句的涉嫌代词和涉嫌副词

1) It’s a waste of time waiting here. 在这里地等是浪费时间。

  例句: Don’t eat too much sugar since it is bad for your health。

b. as可替代主句的内容,教导的非限定性定语从句既可放在主句在此以前,也可放在主句之后。常用来下列句型:as is known to all, as is said, as is reported, as is announced, as we all know, as I expect 等。举个例子: He got the first place again in this mid-term examination, as we expected。

(结果) 注意:

  5.不定式做定语。例句:The only way to solve our problems will continue to be rejected。

据守句子的用途,塞尔维亚共和国语的语句可分:呈报句(料定、否定)、疑问句(平常、特殊、选用、反意)、祈使句、惊讶句等各种。

除此以外,想要精通其余在备考进程中,其余内容的冤家,请关心自己的别样小说:

  4. If设想条件句

(4)节制性定语从句与非节制性定语从句的界别

用作形容词时,表明主语的性状,用how进行讯问。

  ⑴代表对今日情状的伪造:从句动词用过去式或过去进行式表示,be 的病逝式用were.   

  1. 定语从句

误了这趟高铁意味着再等多个钟头。

  1.并列句:由and, or , but连接的多少个句子成为并列句。

② 表示“现在”意义的规范化、时间和妥洽状语从句中多用日常现在时,而主句用日常以往时,被可以称作“主将从现”。举个例子:Tomwon’t go to sleep unless his mother tells him a story。

自小编灵机一动不去那边。

  (Because) being short of money, we can’t afford a TV set. =Because we are short of money, we can’t afford a TV set。

(3) It is+动词的过去分词+ that…句型。常见的动词有advise, order, propose, request, suggest, demand, require等。

Playing with fire is dangerous.(泛指玩火)

  3.定语从句 who引导的限制性定从。例句:

①用that而不用 which的情况:先行词为不定代词all, anything, nothing, much…;先行词有参天级修饰,有序数词修饰;先行词有only, very, any等词修饰;先行词既有人又有物时。比方:There is nothing that can prevent him from doing it。

举个例子说: The teacher criticized the student who had broken the window. 先生评论了打破窗户的学习者。

  从句 主句
跟现在事实相反 一般过去式(be用were) would/should/might/could +动原
跟过去事实相反 had+done would/should/might/could+have done
跟将来事实相反 should+动原;were to do sth would/should/might/could +动原

意味着接纳事关常用的连词有:or, either…or…, otherwise等

The film was so moving that we saw it twice.

  原因状从: in that的用法。例句:

定语从句平常由关系代词和关联副词指引。关系代词有:who, whom, whose, which, that, as;关系副词有:when, where, why。关系代词和关联副词必得放在从句之首,主句的先行词之后,起着接连几天来先行词和从句的法力,同一时间在从句中又充作句子成分。

四、 动词-ing形式作定语

  例句:He has made it clear that he will not give in. 他申明他不会投降。 

Such was the force of the explosion that windows were blown out。

(3) As rain has fallen, the air is cooler.

  8. 原因状从:as 的用法。例句:The 新加坡共和国 passengers begin to decrease as other airlines spread their operating range。

② 非节制性定语从句:从句与先行词关系不留意,去掉定从句,意思仍旧平安无事。格局上用逗号隔离,不能够that用指点。举例:His movie won several awards at the film festival, which was beyond his wildest dream. (去掉定语从句,主句的意味仍完整)

  1. 动词-ing格局(短语)作状语时的多少个特点。

Such machines as are used in our workshop are made in Germany。

I’m sorry for not having kept my promise.

低头状语从句: no matter who/whom/what/which/how/when/where, though, although, as, even if /even though, whatever, whoever, however, wherever, whenever等。

如: Forgetting the past means betrayal.

(2)连接状语从句的辞藻

With her hair gone,there could be no use for them. →(Her hair was gone.)

时刻状语从句:when, whenever每当……,after, before, as, as soon as, hardly/ scarcely...when..., no sooner...than.。.后生可畏……就……,while, till, until, since, once。名词词组the first time第三回,last time最终贰回,every/each time每回,the next time下一次,the next day第二天, the moment, the minute, the second, the instant 生龙活虎……就……;副词immediately, instantly, directly等也可作连词使用。

With结构在句中也能够作定语

② 用which而不用 that的景色:教导非节制性定语从句;指代整个主句的意味;用于介词 的末尾+ 关系代词。例如:Chan’s restaurant on Baker Street, which used to be poorly run, is now a successful business. For many cities in the world, there is no room to spread our further, of which New York is an example。

1、 She came into the room,with her nose red because of cold.

②在so/such...that.。.结果状语从句中,so+形容词/副词或such+名词置于句首时,主句接受局地倒装语序。举例:

例如:

⑤ 在the +比较级the+比较级句式中,只是把形容词或副词置于句首,句子还是采用陈诉语序。比方:Education is about learning and the more you learn, the more equipped for life you are。

He could not finish it without me to help him.

So successful was her business that Marie was able to set up new branches elsewhere.

字不重大,看图~~

I am glad that your story should have won the first prize。

他俩从未相符多的飞行器。

三。复习要点

豆蔻梢头、 with结构的构成

The man who lives downstairs makes it a rule to run in the park in the morning。

Hard as/ though he works, he makes little progress. (=Though he works hard, he makes little progress.)

Once I get him a job, he’ll be fine。

且看它们有多种要,看图别看本人:

复合句中数见不鲜采用陈说语序。不过,在上边包车型地铁三种意况下,状语从句多利用倒装语序:

His coming will be of great  help to us.

地方状语从句:where,wherever(无论这里)。

  1. 动词-ing格局前能够加when, while, though等从属连词,这足以算得状语从句的省略。

③在hardly/scarcely...when..., no sooner...than.。.句式中,把hardly/scarcely/no sooner置于句首时,第一个分句接收部分倒装语序,即把第一个分句用陈说语序。举例:

即让你读得快,你也无法如此快读完这本书。

Scarcely had he sat down when there was a knock at the door。

万般,宾语补足语与宾语之间全部逻辑上的主谓关系,动词-ing格局作宾语补足语往往代表其动作在这里起彼伏或开展中,用动词-ing作宾语补足语的遍布的动词有:

He made a long speech, as we expected。

例如:

a. 当现行反革命词为 the same +名词,such+名词时,要用关系代词as引导定语从句。举个例子:

  1. English is the working language of most international. organizations, international trade and tourism.

  2. The building being built now will be our library.

意味着因果关系常用的连词有:so, for, therefore等。

see, hear, watch, observe, notice, catch, find, listen to,look at等感官动词。

2.状语从句:

1. with结构由介词with或without+复合结构组成。复合结构中率先局地与第3局地语法上是宾语和宾语补足语关系,而在逻辑上,却具有主谓关系,也正是说,可以用第生机勃勃局地作主语,第4局部作谓语,构成贰个句子。

正如状语从句:(not) as/so…as…,than…, the more…the more…(越……越……) 指引。

(2) Since you are so sure of ithe”ll believe you.

④在句式hardly/scarcely…when…, no sooner…than…中,第一个分句中过去产生时,第三个分句用日常过去时。譬喻:She had hardly sat down when the phone rang。

在to be worth doing 句型中,Ving形式doing表示的是悲伤意义。

  1. 名词性从句

Her favourite job is teaching English.→ What is her favourite job?   It is interesting to read such a story. → How is it to read such a story?

The first place that they visited in Guilin was Lijing。

(without+代词+过去分词,作为原因状语) 二、with结构的用法 在句子中with结构多数出任状语,表示作为情势,伴随景况、时间、原因或条件(详见上述例句)。

Mr Smith is the only foreigner teacher that he knows。

He is fond of playing football. I like swimming. 他很欢悦足球,笔者欢腾游泳。

(1)It is+形容词+that…句型。常见的形容词有important, necessary, natural, funny, strange, surprising, astonishing(令人惊呆的)等。

例如:

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I don”t like such books as he recommends.

I find it astonishing that he should be so rude to his mum。

独自主格在口语中有时用,往往由叁个从句替代,而with结构较口语化,较常用。

It is strange /surprising that she should not have been invited。

She fell asleep with the light burning. →(The light was burning.)

①当连词as, though连接退让状语从句时,作表语的名词、形容词、动词经常置于句首,构成都部队分倒装语序。例如:

5、She fell asleep with the light burning.

①代表“同不时间”意义的连词as, when, as soon as, the moment, while 等延续的岁月状语从句,主句和从句时态基本大器晚成致。举例:As time passed, things seemed to get worse。

④动词need, require, want作“须要”解,其后跟动词作者它的宾语时,必需用Ving格局,或不定式的被动式,此时,Ving格局的积极向上形式表示被动意义。

由于再而三代词与连接副词在句中不再是疑问句,由此从句中谓语不用难题语序。连接代词与连接副词在从句充作句子成分,而接二连三词whether 和if(是还是不是),在从句中不担负句子成分,只起一而再作用。

The girl standing there is my sister.

情势状语从句:as(正如;依照),as if/as though (好像)引导。

一)Ving形式作定语

并列句指把八个同样首要的句子连接在一起,句子之间常用and, not only…but also…, neither…nor…, then等并称连词连接。

例如: There were rows of white houses with trees in front of them.

① 句子种类二种分类法

I am not so strong a man as I was.

生机勃勃。考试大纲必要

  1. Ving方式的语态 主语是那一个Ving形式所代表的动作的靶辰时,Ving格局用被动语态。

However amusing the story is, I have to put it away and focus my attention on study this week。

  1. with或without-名词/代词+形容词;

  2. with或without-名词/代词+副词;

  3. with或without-名词/代词+介词短语;

  4. with或without-名词/代词+动词不定式;

  5. with或without-名词/代词+分词。

The man (whom/ who/ that) you were talking about is proves to be friendly。

4.as作波及代词的用法

结果状语从句: so that (结果是), so/such…that (如此……以致于)。

黄金时代、 动词-ing情势作主语(平日指一个虚幻动作)时,它可直接置于主语地点,也得以用it作情势主语,而把作真正主语的动词-ing情势放在句子的后部。

④在生龙活虎部分代表好奇、意志等心理色彩的名词性从句中,谓语动词用“should+动词原形”或“should +have done”,译为“竟然,居然”。比如:

as所表示的话音较强,指引的折衷状语从句用倒装语序;

⑤ 在as if/though 携带的状语从句中,假若表暗暗表示气风发种与真情相反夸张,从句多用日常过去时或过去实现时。举个例子:She stared at me as though I were a complete stranger。

  1. Knowing table manners will help you make a good impression.

  2. Having a cellphone also makes us feel safer, since we can call for help in case of an emergency.

  3. It’s no use crying over spilt milk. 4. His coming made us very happy. (复合结构作主语)

① 在偏下三种主语从句中,主语从句的谓语动词要用“should+动词原形”, should可归纳。

复合结构格局在句中最首要作主语和宾语。作宾语时可用代词宾格或名词普通格加上动词的-ing方式。

c. as 辅导非约束性定语从句时与which的界别

Stop speaking.  

Much as I have traveled, I have never seen anyone who’s as capable as John。

have, get, send, leave等采纳动词;

第十三讲 轻巧句、并列句和复合句

Missing the train means waiting for another hour.

Though lacking money, his parents managed to send him to university。

CATTI土耳其共和国(Türkiye Cumhuriyeti)语三级笔译备考日记(二):汉语翻译英十大翻译技艺?笔者脑子笨,就不可能说得轻易点,详细点?

④事关代词在从句中作主语时,从句的谓语动词单数依旧用复数应由先行词决定。比方:

The teacher entered the classroom with a book in his hand.

(1)状语从句的分类

4、He lay in the dark empty house,with not a man ,woman or child to say he was kind to me.

October 1, 1949 was the day on which (= when) the new China was founded。

自己看到那位女士在过马路。

粗略句唯有一个主语或并列主语和三个谓语或并列谓语。并列句由并列连词and, but, or,so等)或分行(;)把八个或八个以上的简练句连在一起构成。复合句:含有三个或贰个上述从句的句子。复合句包括:状语从句名词性从句(主语从句、宾语从句、表语从句和同位语从句)和定语从句等三种。

例如:

③ 关系代词as的用法

内容有一点点多,下篇小说,笔者将用大家的措施解读那四个作用词,大家的对象是最简易、最有趣、最精准的化解考试的场馆。

(1)名词性从句分类:

1) The boss kept the workers working the whole night.

I am surprised /shocked that you should speak in such a way。

The boy said,turning to the man,his eyes opened wide and his hand raised.

(1)定语从句的归类

(男小孩子明天将引导)He lay on the bed with the bedroom door shut.(寝室被关着)

⑤ 教导定语从句的关联副词临时可以用“介词 + which”来替代。举个例子:

With the boy to lead the way,we will find the house easily tomorrow.

例如:

六、 动词-ing形式作补足语

as与although (或though),however (或no matter how)等都能够教导妥洽状语从句,含义是"虽然,尽管"。

用when时,从句的动作能够与主句的动作同一时候产生,也能够先于主句的动作产生;

例如:

  1. 下列动词后面常常要用动词-ing情势作宾语。 enjoy, finish, stop, mind, suggest, practise, excuse(原 谅),appreciate, keep, risk(冒险), consider, admit, miss(错失), imagine, avoid(制止), delay(推迟) resist, cannot help等。

  2. 在need, want, require, be worth 等动词(短语)前边常用动词    -ing的积极方式表示被动意义。

例如:

(with+名词+副词,作时间状语)

他虽说年纪超大,依然每一日慢跑。

(男童已领过路)

不行老董让工友通宵达旦地专业。

That’s the plan to build the factory.

③ 人称的风流洒脱致性。动词-ing格局的逻辑主语应和语句的主语生机勃勃致。

2) It’s so nice talking to you. 很欢快和你说话。

单个分词作者定语时,放在被修饰的名词早前。

例如:

例如: With the boy leading the way,we found he house easily.

Fast as you read, you can’t finish the book so soon.

例如:

  1. 在with结构中,第一片段为人称代词时,则该用宾格代词。

若with结构作定语,则位居所修饰的名词之后,平常不要逗号隔断。

动词-ing方式作状语时,能够象征时间、原因、伴随情况、条件、结果等。

他五年前以游客的身价来过中华。

2、 With the meal over , we all went home.

CATTI法语三级笔译备考日记(三):请叫本身管家,叫小编项目COO也得以

2) We found the old lady lying in bed.

但它们有区别

例如:

That is the book written by Lu Xun. 那是周树人写的书。

I tried doing it again.

她迟到了,那是日常的事。

咱俩尚无时间(能够浪费)了。

He likes being helped.

  1. He found the wall being painted.

  2. With so many people communicating in English every day, it will become more and more important to have a good knowledge of English.    

I look forward to hearing from you soon.

例如:

虽说他是一个孩子,但她清楚该做什么样。

as指点的低头状语从句必得以部分倒装的花样出现,被倒装的部分可以是表语、状语或动词原形,though间或也用于那样的布局中,但although无法如此用。

就算她上学很用力,但差不离没获得什么发展。   Child as/though he was, he knew what was the right thing to do.(=Though he was a child, he knew what was the right thing to do.)

Ving方式作主语常用来下列句型:

He came to China as a tourist five years ago.

  1. 在keep, find, notice, have, feel, hear, see, leave...等动词后常用Ving格局作宾语补足语。 比如:

笔者们听他唱了两首歌。

例如:

用作名词时,表明主语的剧情,就此提问时,用what ;

例如:

您会趁着年华的加强而更是聪明。

哪个人通晓as、v+ing、with,哪个人就得练神功。那四个作用词怎么用呢?且看下文,小编只是个搬运工。有亟待的对象,动动你的手指,复制、粘贴、打字与印刷。作者是您的好恋人曾沐!

  1. with结构与独立主格结构的涉嫌: with结构属于独立主格结构,但在结构上,with结构由介词with或without引导,名词前有冠词、形容词、全部格代词或别的词类所修饰,结构较松懈;

because表示的语气最强;

过去分词作定语:及物动词的过去分词表示被动,不如物动词的过去分词表示动作时不我待。  

  1. 意味着用途:
  1. 在感官动词:

with结构是数不清斯洛伐克语复合结构中最常用的后生可畏种。学好它对学好复合宾语结构、不定式复合结构、动名词复合结商谈独立主格结构均能起很要紧的机能。

无论是她什么努力也达不到对象。

I saw the lady crossing the street.

【句型2】 There is no + 动名词    

而单独主格结构未有with或without引导,结构严密,名词前可用可不要修饰语。在句句法效能上,with结构得以作定语,独立主格结构则不可能;独立主格结构日常在句中作状语,但也足以作主语,而with结构则不能够。

see, hear, look at, notice, observe, feel, find...等及选拔动词:have, make, leave, keep, get...等后既可以够用不定式也得以用Ving格局作宾语补足语。不定式(不带 to)表示经过或动作心如火焚,Ving方式强调举办或立时情景。

Object as you may, I’ll go.

大家开采那老太太躺在床的面上。

站在当年的女孩是本身的姐妹。

(2)as单独指导定语从句 as单独辅导定语从句时,先行词能够是三个词,也得以是贰个句子或短语。

The flowers want watering.

论及代词as带领定语从句时,既可以够独立使用,也可以与别的词连用,其用法要比that和which更为复杂。

即让你反对,我也要去。

the waiting room = the room for waiting 候车室

2.From space the earth looks like a huge water-covered globe with a few patches of land sticking out above the water.

6.as作副词的用法 to the same degree or amount; equally "相同地","同样地"。

(名词+以往分词构成的单独主格结构,作主语)

上边分别譬喻:

It is no use arguing with him.

他达到工地时,天正在下雪。

(独立主格结构,表示伴随情形或作为艺术,作状语)

We don’t allow smoking here. we don’t allow students to smoke.

⑦start, begin, continue在书面语中多后接动名词,在口语中多后接不定式。

他一定会旗开得胜,因为他很认真。

例如:

  1. with结构与日常的with短语的区别

例如:

②用于such...as结构中

With him taken care of,we felt quite relieved.(欣慰)→(He was taken good care of.)

a working method 专门的学问措施

(三)Ving格局作主语 Ving格局具备动词和名词的性质,在句中起名词功效,可作主语。   Seeing is believing.百闻不及一见。

并不是说话。

(先行词是不定式短语)

He has a reading room. 他有二个书屋。

动词的-ing方式是斯洛伐克共和国(The Slovak Republic)语中国和亚洲谓语动词的生龙活虎种,它在句中可作主语、宾语、表语、定语、状语及补足语。

她停下来讲话。

⑥在love, hate, prefer等动词后用Ving格局或不定式无大的区别。但讲话人负有指的时候,经常用不定式。

(1)It was snowing when he arrived at the construction site.

2.as用作连词指点案由状语从句

(1)as辅导定语从句与另外词连用

I tried not to go there.

(3) However hard he may try, he will not attain his goal.

这本书和自己下七日读的那本是近似。

因为下过雨,空气相比较舒心。

(1) She is late, as is often the case.

I must remember to do it.

既是你对此如此有把握,他会信赖你的。  

(with+名词+不定式,作陪伴状语)

(2)He was watching TV while his mother was cooking.

这一次竟然尽管显得令人出乎意料,却从未人受伤。

6、Without anything left in the cupboard, she went out to get something to eat.

a sleeping child 入眠的男女

(without+代词 +不定式,作规范状语)

  1. Ving格局的时态 Ving格局的时态分日常式和达成式三种,要是Ving形式的动作未有驾驭地代表出时间是与谓语动词同期发生或在谓语动词在此之前爆发,用Ving情势的一般式。

现以动词do为例,其转移情势如下:

本身一定要记着做那件事。

③在allow, advise, forbid, permit 等动词后一向跟动词作宾语时,要用Ving情势,借使后边有名词或代词作者宾语,然后在跟动词作者宾语补足语时,其宾语补足语用带to的不定式。

作者记得做过演练。

在with结构中,不定式、以后分词作者宾补,表示积极,但是不定式表示将在发生的动作,而现行反革命分词表示正在爆发或发生了的动作;过去分词表示被动或成就。

例如:

那正是建那座工厂的布置。

(名词+介词短语构成的独门主格结构,作状语,表示伴随景况)。

例如:

试比较:

翻译手艺中的“柳絮剑法日月神教功夫日月心法”

(四)Ving格局作表语 Ving格局具有形容词和名词的性情,在句中可作表语。作表语用的Ving格局有三种:

as,because,since都得以象征因果关系,连接原因状语从句,含义是"因为,由于"。

【注意】①admit, appreciate, avoid,consider, delay, dislike, enjoy, escape, excuse, feel like, finish, forgive, give up, imagine, include, keep, mention, mind, miss, practise, put off, resist, risk, suggest, can’t help, can’t stand等动词后得以用Ving格局作宾语,但不可能用不定式。

They don”t have as many airplanes.

假如Ving方式的动作产生在谓语动词所表示的动作在此之前,日常用Ving方式的到位时态。

(二)Ving形式作宾语补足语

本人不爱好她援引的那多少个书。

② 语态性。应思索动词-ing方式与句子主语之间的关联是主谓关系依旧动宾关系,据此来分明语态。

①用于the same...as结构中

对真相高高挂起--你们好五个人都以这样的粗笨。

He was afraid of being left at home.

A strong man working a whole day could not jump this high.

(2) To shut your eyes to facts, as many of you do, is foolish.

例 如:

1.I like eating the mooncakes with eggs.

3、The master was walking up and down with the ruler under his arm。

例如:

with结构有所上述意义和特色,而"介词with+名词或代词(组)"组成的相仿的with短语在句子中能够作定语和状语。

Then last night,I followed him here,and climbed in,sword in hand.

("with+复合宾语"结构,在句中作定语)

二、动词ing方式的用法

【知识张开】 Ving情势的时态和语态

3.as作连词辅导拗可是状语从句

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(先行词是全方位主句)

是因为这种方式是由动词变化而来的,因而它具备动词的某些风味,就能够带自个儿的宾语和状语,从而组合动词 -ing短语。它偶尔态和语态的变化,也可以有否定情势及其复合结构情势。    

[注意]前段时间分词作者定语时,它表示的动作是正值进展或与谓语动词所表示的动作差不离与此同有时间发生,借使三个动作有先有后,日常不能够用以后分词作者定语,而要用定语从句。

例如:

as与when,while都以指导时间状语从句的专项连词,含义都以"当……的时候"。

1.as用作连词教导光阴状语从句

但它们有区别

例如:

分词短语作定语时,放在被修饰的名词之后;

He stopped to talk.

(1) Although he is quite old, he still jogs every day.

(1) He will succeed because he is in earnest.

① Ving格局和不定式都能够作主主语,Ving方式作主语表示日常或抽象的 数次性行为,不定式作主语往往代表具体的或二回性的动作。

⑧在should (would) like / love等后须用不定式。

I mean to come early today.

少年老成种用作名词,生机勃勃种用作形容词。

  1. Having good table manners means knowing how to use knives and forks, when to drink a toast and how to behave at the table.

  2. Do you prefer living in the zoo or living in the jungle?

  3. I really can’t understand you treating her like that.

  1. Hearing the good news, he jumped with great joy. (时间)

  2. Seeing nobody at home, he decided to leave them a note. (原因)

  3. The next moment the first wave swept her down, swallowing the garden. (伴随情况)

  4. In Sydney the Chinese team got 28 gold medals, ranking third of all the competing countries.

This is the same book as I read last week.

however教导妥胁状语从句时,它的末尾可跟形容词或副词,也要用倒装语序。

三、 with结构的性格

当那么些动词用于被动语态时,作宾语补足语的动词-ing情势就相应产生了主语补足语。

例如:

a waiting car = the car that is waiting

被动语态由“being + 过去分词”或“having been + 过去分词”构成,后一种经常防止使用。

① 时刻性。假诺动词-ing情势所表表示的动作与谓语动词所代表的动作同时发生,则用一般式;假若动词-ing格局所代表的动作产生在谓语动词表示的动作以前则应用形成式。

(with+名词+形容词,作陪伴状语)

  1. 意味着动作(主动的、举行的动作)。

例如:

although语气稍正式些,可放在句首,也可放在句中,主句中不能再用but,但能够用yet;

There was no telling of the difference. 不能够加以差异。

随笔结尾处有彩蛋~~不谢!

with 结构在句中作状语,表示时间、条件、原因时相似位于句子后面,并用逗号与句子分开;表示方法和陪伴情况时相像位于句子后边,不用逗号分开。

二、 动词-ing方式作宾语。

CATTI三级笔译备考日记(意气风发):真正开首看书前,小编做了什么样?

(3) You will grow wiser as you grow older.

橄榄绿圈出某个~~

My interests are reading  novels, playing football and singing songs.    

例如: He could not finish it without me to help him.

忘却过去就象征戴绿帽子。

【句型1】It is + 名词(或形容词) + 动名词 It is + no use /no  good/ a waste of time so nice+ crying there.doing that.

本人早已未有过去那么强壮了。

例如:

5.as作介词的用法 as作介词,意思是"作为","以……身份"

用while时,从句的动作为生龙活虎历程,主句动作与从句动作同期开展或在从句动作进度中发出;

用as时,主句和从句的动作同期发生,具备持续的意思。

四、 几点表达:

但它们有区别

He is a returned student. 他是三个回国的留学子。

【注意】

[注意]

We heard her sing two songs.

  1. with结构作状语时,不定式、以后分词 、和过去分词的区分:
  1. with结构在句子中的位置:

例如:

3.A little boy with two of his front teeth missing ran into the house.

和她争论并未用。

To play with fire will be dangerous.(指一切实可行动作)

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